How to Write the Findings of a Dissertation

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How to Write the Findings of a Dissertation


A dissertation has multiple parts which contribute towards its main objectives. The ability to understand each part helps you to write dissertations in a proficient manner. Each part is unique in a dissertation while there are general and specific rules that are applicable on them. The findings section serves the purpose of presenting the key results of your research without interpreting their meaning.  Theoretically, this is an interesting section of a dissertation because it involves writing what you have observed and found. However, it can be a little tricky if there is too much information to might confuse the readers. Hence, the goal is to include only the important findings in this section. The results must be presented in an orderly sequence in order to provide clarity to the reader.  This section of the dissertation should be easy for the reader to follow which means that you should avoid going into a lengthy debate over the interpretation of the results. It is vital to focus only on clear and precise observations. This section of the dissertation is theoretically the easiest to write.  The findings section also includes statistical analysis and whether or not the results of these are significant. The segment should be written in the past sense as you should describe what you have done in the past. This article will provide information about how to write the findings of a dissertation.

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Important Guidelines

The introduction should provide the context for understanding the results. The research problem should be repeated and the goals of the research stated briefly. This approach helps to gain the attention of the reader towards the research problem. The first step towards writing the findings is to identify which results will be presented in this section. The results that are relevant to the questions must be presented – keeping in mind whether or not the results support the hypothesis. You do not need to include every result in the findings section. The next step is to ensure that the data can be organized in a proper and accurate manner. You need to have a basic idea about how to write the findings of a dissertation because this will provide you with the knowledge to write this section properly. Arranging the data in a chronological manner is an efficient method to present the data.  In each paragraph, you should start by writing about the most important result and concluding the paragraph with the least important results.  You should determine which will be the best method to present the data. Text, figures, graphs, and tables are usually used to present the data.

The findings should be summarized while the relevant data should be highlighted to the reader. The text should be able to explain the figures or tables. The next step is to describe the results and data of the controls. You could include observations that are not included in the tables or figures if they appear to be relevant. Giving a number and title to each table and figure helps to organize the findings section. The tables and figures should be numbered in separate lists. However, that should be done in the order mentioned in the text. Lists of tables and figures can be added to the table of contents if there is large number of the former in the dissertation. You can get dissertation data analysis help if you use the above method properly.  A short paragraph can conclude the findings section which provides a summary of the findings so readers will remember as they make the transition to the next chapter. This is an important step if findings are unexpected or unfamiliar or they have an impact on the study.

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Be Impartial in Your Writing

When crafting your findings, it is important to know how you will organize the work. The findings are the story that needs to be told in response to the research questions that have been answered. The story therefore needs to be organized in such a way that it makes sense to you and the reader. The findings must be compelling and responsive so that they can be linked to the research questions being answered. Always ensure that the size and direction of any changes including percentage change can be mentioned in the section. The details of p values or confidence intervals and limits should be included. The findings sections only has the relevant parts of the primary evidence mentioned, but it is a good practice to include all the primary evidence in an appendix which can be referred to at a later stage if need be.  For dissertation statistics help, you could refer to your professor or other studies that will help you in completing the findings section. The results should always be written in a neutral manner without any form of speculation or implication. It is important that the statement of the results should not have any form of evaluation or interpretation.

Negative results should be added in the findings section because they validate the results and provides high levels of neutrality. The length of the findings section is an important question that must be addressed. In reality, the length of the section is directly related to the total wordcount of your dissertation paper. The writer should use their own personal discretion in deciding the length of the findings section. It should neither be long nor short, but it should be concise and comprehensive in order to highlight the main findings to the reader.  Ethically, you should be confident in the findings and provide counter-evidence. Anything that does not have sufficient evidence should be discarded. The findings should be a response to the problem presented and provide the solution to those questions. The data should be selected which is relevant to the questions and objectives of the dissertation.

Structure of the Findings Chapter

The chapter should use appropriate words that present the results in a clear manner to the readers. Logical sentences should be used while paragraphs should be linked with each other in order to produce a cohesive work. You must make sure all the important results have been added in the section. Recheck after you have completed the section to ensure that no mistakes have been made. The structure of the findings section is very important because it will provide the basis for your research work and help to ensure that the discussions section can be written in a clear and proficient manner. One of the ways to arrange the results is to provide a brief synopsis and then explain the key findings. However, there should be no speculation or explanation of the results as this will be done in the discussion section. This could be useful for data analysis in qualitative research when the next section is being written.

Another way to arrange the section is to present a result and then explain it. This can be done for all the results while the section is concluded with an overall synopsis. This is the preferred method when you are writing longer dissertations. It can be helpful when there are multiple results which are equally significant. A brief conclusion should be written to link all the results and provide the transition to the discussion section. There are numerous data analysis dissertation examples available on the Internet which will help you in gaining knowledge.

Problems to Avoid

One thing to avoid while writing the findings is to report background information or explaining the findings. This should be done in the introduction section. You can always revise the introduction section if you have not done this. Raw data or intermediate calculations should not be added in the findings section. Always ask your professor if raw data needs to be included. If the data is to be included, then use appendix or set of appendices which can be referred to in the text of the findings chapter. Do not use vague or non-specific phrases in the findings section. It is important to be factual and concise for the benefit of the reader.


The findings section presents the important data that was found out during the research process. It should be presented in a concise and clear manner to the reader. There should no interpretation, speculation, and analysis of the data. The major results should be categorized in a systematic manner with text being used in conjunction with charts, figures, and tables. Furthermore, it is important to abstain from using vague and non-specific words in this section. It is important to properly label the tables and visual material while writing about the data is a good way to arrange the data. You should also check and proofread the section in order to avoid mistakes. A final touch is needed for the chapter and you can move to the next phase of the dissertation.

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