You’ve conducted your research carefully and have all the results with you. But what do they mean? How do the readers interpret what you’ve found? You’ve conducted statistical tests, and now its time to explain the results. All this is done in the discussion chapter of your dissertation.
Discussion of a dissertation is the most important section of any study. This is where the actual research takes place and you explain the findings of your research. The discussion chapter of your dissertation talks about the findings of your research, explains and relates them to your research.
This section should be carefully drafted in order to make sure that your dissertation is accurate and that the results mentioned in your research are in line with your research question, aims and objectives. Considering the importance of this chapter, every student must be aware as to how to write dissertation discussion chapter and should know what aspects should be included and what should be avoided.
To help you create a flawless dissertation discussion, here are aspects that you should include and some factors that you should avoid:
Whether you’ve collected primary data or secondary, the first section of this chapter should talk about the findings. If you’ve conducted statistical tests, make sure that you include all results. For instance, if there are were ten questions in your survey/questionnaire, this section should have ten results table. In this manner you’ll be able to easily relate findings to your research.
After you’ve included all the results tables, your dissertation discussion chapter should mention in a statement, the major findings of your research. You can either choose to state the findings in different statements, under each table or you could talk about the findings in a single paragraph alone. Whichever you choose, make sure that you do not miss any result, and include all the results that you’ve gathered. However, there is one thing that you should keep in mind when mentioning about the results. Do not make any reference to any study when talking about results. Doing so will adversely impact your discussion.
On the other hand, if you’ve chosen secondary data collection method and do not have any tables, you may straight away start discussing your results. For instance, if your research is based on qualitative data from past researches, talk about how those studies relate to your topic and what have you found. Discuss the major concepts and then relate them to your research question. But make sure that whatever research design you choose, your results and interpretation should be clear so that the readers can understand it in a better manner.
Also Read: Research Discussion Of Findings
You have gathered data, therefore, no one else has thought as hard as you have. Thus, when preparing your discussion chapter, make sure that you explain even the most common results. This will help the readers to interpret your results in a much better manner as they will be aware of the background and will also have a clear understanding as to what the research says. Since you’ve understood and are aware of the results, there might be a possibility that you skip a few results and findings.
When analyzing and discussing dissertation make sure that you include all results to help your supervisor and other readers understand what your findings mean and how they relate to your study. The statements that you present and the tone that you use should be clear and crisp so that the readers do not have to read again and again what you mean. Also, you should make perfect sense so that the reader does not have to go back and forth to understand how the findings relate to your dissertation.
A lot of students face problems when relating findings to their study. This is a crucial aspect of conducting a research, thus the section should be drafted carefully. Relate your findings to your research question, aims and objectives. State how your findings have helped you answer the research question.
Also, to further validate your study, relate your findings to previous researches. Studies related to your findings would have been conducted, thus make sure that you cite those studies and explain them in detail. Discuss how these studies are similar to the findings of your research. This will help in authenticating your research and will ensure that your study is deemed as authentic and credible.
Once you’ve related and discussed your findings, make sure that you state the importance of your findings. Explain how the findings helped you in answering the research question and how it has proved to be helpful for your research. Talk about the limitations of your research and the impact they had on collecting data and findings. Also discuss the weaknesses with respect to findings and the effect it has had on your results. However, what you should be careful about while writing this section is of the tone you use. Do not be apologetic regarding the limitations and weakness. Every research has its own limitations, thus yours is not the only one.
Focus on the findings and discussion of your results and make sure that you explain how important they are to your study. Your discussion should make readers wonder ‘why didn’t I think in this direction before?’
At the end of this section, make suggestions and recommendations for further research. Your study has answered an important question (research question); however, during the course of your research, you might have come across aspects that need research or your own findings might need further research. Highlight all such aspects and make them a part of your discussion. However, when talking about the importance of the data and the research that you’ve conducted, make sure that you do not inflate the importance of findings. Students tend to overemphasize a few aspects due to the hard work that they put while conducting their research. Be careful and state only facts in your dissertation.
This is a major no-no when writing a dissertation discussion. Do not state something that isn’t backed by the data that you’ve collected. The results and interpretation that cannot be supported should not be mentioned at all. If you do so, your research will be deemed as unauthentic and will also be questioned by your supervisor.
Results should be interpreted as it is without any bias. Researcher bias is not allowed at any stage of the research. You need to make sure that all your results are presented in an accurate manner and that all the findings are related appropriately to the study.
This is another aspect that you should avoid when wondering how to write dissertation discussion chapter. Speculation in the discussion chapter of your dissertation is completely not allowed. The discussion of your dissertation talks about the data that you’ve collected for your research and how it has answered your research question, thus speculating here does not make sense at all. Also, try not to generalize your findings. If your research is based on a specific population, do not state that the same findings might apply to others as well.
Environments are different and settings aren’t the same for everyone, thus you need to make sure that statements like these are avoided. On the other hand, if you think that your discussion needs to address other populations as well, start your sentence like this ‘We speculate that..’ or ‘It is speculated that..’ This will keep you from getting into any sort of trouble and will also help you complete your dissertation without mentioning any unwarranted speculation.
You can even seek help from your friends when writing a dissertation discussion. Ask around in your circle whether any of your friend has attempted any dissertation, and if can offer any help. You can ask them for dissertation discussion examples that’ll help you draft your own discussion. Apart from your friends, you can also ask your supervisor for dissertation discussion chapter help. They offer guidance and no one else can guide you better than them. Your supervisors are the ones who check and grade your dissertation, thus assistance from them will be the best manner to draft a perfect discussion for your dissertation.
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