A descriptive essay is a type of essay that allows you to create a narrative based on something you experience. It provides you with an opportunity for learning by describing an object, person, location, experience, emotion, circumstance, or other phenomena. A writer expresses his/her emotions creatively in a descriptive essay that attracts the reader’s attention.
The purpose of the descriptive essay is to portray your feelings and emotions related to any object or event that enables readers/listeners to envision what is being described. To do it, you can use sensory details that attract the senses, like sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste.
An excellent narration in your descriptive essay can have a lasting impression on the reader’s mind.
Descriptions are either subjective or objective. In an objective description, you describe the object or event without letting your emotions and feelings influence the description.
Whereas in a subjective description, you need to describe the object or event through your emotions and feelings.
When you describe the same example of news item mentioned above in a subjective description, you incorporate more details expressing your concern about the pain and suffering the victims, and their families had to suffer.
Similarly, when you describe your first business meeting where you had to give your business presentation, you will add excitement, happiness, nervousness, the confidence you faced before and during the presentation.
A descriptive essay consists of three parts- an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. The introduction part must start with a strong opening line to give the outline of the topic. If it is about any person, you can mention some specific personality traits and give some idea about physical appearance.
In the next section, you should describe your topic in detail. The number of paragraphs is dependent on the length of the essay, but in general, one paragraph should contain 150-200 words. The first paragraph will provide the theme and the idea about the content of the next paragraphs. The next two paragraphs will describe the topic. You should use sensory details, imaginary language, and words, including verbs, adjectives, and adverbs, to explain the topic.
In the final section, you need to provide a summary of the topic. In the last line, re-establish your thoughts and the primary theme of the essay.
Writing a descriptive essay about a person is challenging as you have to include specific traits and portray his/her character.
Appearance- It is necessary to define physical traits like skin colour, hair, eyes, nose, height, body structure, etc. You may also describe the type of cloth and accessories to identify the person quickly.
Manners- You should describe a person’s habits and behaviour: he smokes a cigar, drinks alcohol, or wears a hat or glasses.
Character traits-The character traits are difficult to write. You should have enough knowledge about the person to describe the character trait. Some qualities may include honesty, sincerity, or negative qualities like resentful, arrogant, miser, etc.
Emotions- You can also describe the person as melancholic, sanguine, choleric, or phlegmatic, with a sense of humour.
You can consider an essay about your mother as a descriptive essay example. While writing this essay, you should write about the special characteristics of your mother. You can then write about how she cares and nurtures the family, including how special she is to you.
The thesis statement of a descriptive essay should remain concise, clear, and direct. It must provide an outline of the essay. A thesis statement is a guide to the complete essay, it is the essay's theme, and the topic should revolve around this theme throughout the essay.
Different types of descriptive essays are:
Here is an example of a short descriptive essay for you: