A dissertation proposal is a stepping stone towards writing the final dissertation paper. It’s a unique document that informs the reader of the aim & objectives of dissertation research and the researcher's course of action.
The main purpose of a proposal paper is to showcase to your supervisor or members of the dissertation committee that your dissertation research will add value to existing knowledge in your area of study.
Although the exact structure of a dissertation proposal may vary depending on your academic level, academic subject, and size of the paper, the contents remain pretty much the same.
However, it will still make sense to consult with your supervisor to learn about the proposal formatting and structuring guidelines before starting to work on your dissertation proposal paper.
You may lose out on scoring some important marks if your proposal paper does not follow your department's specific rules. Here are some tips for you on how to structure a dissertation proposal paper.
Consult your supervisor or department to find out how much time you have to complete your dissertation proposal. Each graduate programme is different, and so you must adhere to the specific rules to avoid unwelcome surprises.
You can learn about the rules and timelines concerning your dissertation project on the university's online portal. If you are still unsure, it will be best to speak with your department’s admin clerk, the head of the program, or supervisor.
Most academic institutions will provide precise rules for structuring your dissertation proposal in terms of the content of the document and how to arrange it. If you have not been able to figure out these requirements, you must speak with your supervisor to find out what they recommend. Typical contents and structure of a dissertation proposal include the following;
Have an unhelpful dissertation project supervisor? Here is some advice to help you deal with an uncompromising dissertation advisor.
The length of your dissertation proposal will depend on your degree programme and your research topic. PhD level dissertation proposals are much longer in terms of word count than Bachelors's and Master's level proposals.
Formatting your dissertation proposal will also depend on your programme’s specific guidelines and your research area. Find out the exact guidelines pertaining to formatting of cover sheets and title pages, referencing style, notes and bibliography, margin sizes, page numbers and fonts. Again if you are unsure about anything, it is recommended to consult with your project advisor.
The process of writing your dissertation proposal paper and getting acceptance from the committee of members of your supervisor is tricky.
Consult your department’s academic assistant, your supervisor or the programme chair to find out about all the process stages. Here are a couple of points you will need to be aware of:
You may find the dissertation proposal writing process to be perplexing and challenging if this is the first time you are preparing such a document. All the essential elements of a dissertation proposal paper need to be present before submitting it for approval.
To help you organise your dissertation proposal paper correctly, we have detailed guidelines on how to structure a dissertation proposal. Irrespective of the degree programme you are developing your dissertation proposal for, you will find these guidelines equally important.
Selecting an appropriate topic is the key to having your research work recognised in your field of study. Make sure your chosen topic is relevant, interesting and manageable.
Ideally, you would want to research a topic that previous researchers have not explored so you can contribute to knowledge on the academic subject.
But even if your topic has been well-researched previously, you can make your study stand out by tweaking the research design and research questions to add a new dimension to your research. Here are some guidelines on how to choose a suitable research topic.
List all the topics that you find interesting and relevant to your area of study. PhD and Masters level students are already well aware of their academic interests.
Bachelor students can consider unanswered questions that emerged from their past academic assignments and drove them to conduct a detailed investigation to find answers.
Conduct initial research on your chosen topic(s). This will include reading authentic text material on the topic(s) to familiarise yourself with each potential topic. Doing so will help you figure out whether there really is a need to investigate your selected topics further.
Visit your university’s library or online academic databases such as ProQuest, EBSCO, QuickBase to find articles, journals, books, peer-reviewed articles and thesis/dissertation papers (by other students) written on your possible research topic.
Ignore all academic sources that you find methodologically flawed or obsolete. Visit our online research topics library to choose a topic relevant to your interests.
Consult your academic supervisor and show them your list of potential topics. Their advice will be crucial for you to decide whether the topic you are interested in is appropriate and meets your degree programme's requirements.
It is recommended to set up an appointment with your supervisor to see them in person to discuss your potential topics, even though you can do the same in email too.
Narrow the Focus of Your Research - Once a topic has been mutually agreed upon between you and your academic supervisor, it is time to narrow down the focus. Hence, your research explores an aspect of the topic that hasn’t been investigated before.
Spend as much time as possible examining different aspects of the topic to establish a research aim that would truly add value to the existing knowledge.
The key elements of a great dissertation proposal are explained in detail under this section ‘structure of a dissertation proposal’. Once you’ve finalized your topic, you need to switch to writing your dissertation proposal paper quickly. As previously mentioned, your proposal paper's exact structure may vary depending on your university/college requirements.
A good dissertation proposal title will give the reader an insight into the aim/idea of your study. Describe the purpose and/or contents of your dissertation proposal paper in the fewest possible words.
A concise and focused title will help you gain the attention of the readers. However, you might need to adjust your title several times as you write the paper because your comprehensive research might continue to add new dimensions to your study.
Write a brief executive summary or an abstract of your proposal if you have been asked to do so in the structural guidelines. Generally, the abstract is included in the final dissertation paper with a length of around 300-400 words.
If you have to write an abstract for your proposal, here are the key points that it must cover;
This is your first chance to make a strong impression on the reader. Not only your introduction section should be engaging, contextually, but it is also supposed to provide a background to the topic and explain the thesis problem.
Here is what the first paragraph of the introduction section should include:
In the next paragraphs, summarize the statement of the problem. Explain what gap in the existing knowledge your research will fill and how your work will prove to be significant in your area of study.
For example, the focus of your research could be the stage of carbon monoxide removal from natural gas, but other similar studies do not sufficiently explore this aspect of natural gas processing technology.
Here is a comprehensive article on "How to Write Introduction for Dissertation Paper."
This is the most critical section of the proposal paper. List the research questions or the research objectives your study will address. When writing this particular section, it will make sense to think of the following questions:
The literature review section is your chance to state the key established research trends, hypothesis and theories on the subject. Demonstrate to the reader that your research is a unique contribution in your field because it explores the topic from a new angle.
In a dissertation proposal, you won’t be expected to provide an extensive list of all previous research studies on the topic. Still, all the key theories reported by other scholars should be briefly referred to.
Take into consideration the following when writing the literature review section:
A focused and well-defined methodology in a proposal paper can help you explain to your readers how you plan to conduct your research and why your chosen research design can provide reliable answers to your research questions.
The choice of research design and analytical approach will depend on several factors, including but not limited to your own area of study and research constraints.
Depending on your topic and the existing literature, you will need to decide whether your dissertation will be purely descriptive or use primary (quantitative/qualitative data) as part of the research design.
Any research limitations and ethical issues that you expect to deal with should be clearly stated. For example, you might not be able to use a large sample size of respondents due to financial constraints. Small sample size can undermine your research's significance.
Some Masters and PhD level degree programmes require students to include a project timeline or timetable to give readers an idea of how and when you plan to complete different stage of the project.
Project timeline can be a great planning tool especially if your research work includes experiments, statistical analysis, designing, and primary data collection. However, it may have to be modified slightly as you progress into your research.
By no means it is a fixed programme for carrying out your work. When developing the project timeline in your proposal, always consider the time needed for practical aspects of the research such as travelling, experiments and fieldwork.
Underrated, but referencing is one of the most crucial aspects of preparing a proposal. You can think of your proposal as the first impression of your dissertation.
You would want everything to be perfect and in place, wouldn’t you? Thus, always make sure that your dissertation consists of all the necessary elements.
You will have to cite information and data that you include in your dissertation. So make sure that the references that you include are credible and authentic.
You can use well-known academic journals, official websites, past researches and concepts presented by renowned authors and writers in the respective field.
The same rule applies to in-text citations. Make sure that you cite references accurately according to the required referencing style as mentioned in the guidelines.
Statistics, facts and figures should be backed by references at all times. It is highly recommended to back every 100-200 words written with at least one academic reference. The quantity of references does not matter; however, the quality does.
These are the basic elements of a dissertation proposal. Taking care of all these sections will help you when you’re confused about structuring a dissertation proposal. In addition to these steps, look for different dissertation proposal examples on your research topic. A sample dissertation proposal paper can provide a clear understanding of how to go about the “proposal stage” of the dissertation project.