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How to Cite a Tweet in Harvard Style

Published by at August 27th, 2021 , Revised On August 23, 2023

What is a Tweet?

A ‘Tweet’ is a specific term used for Twitter-only posts that are created on one’s Twitter profile. Tweets are a special form of text. They are not a paragraph from a journal article, a movie’s written script or any of such sources. However, citing and referencing it is quite like citing and referencing other internet sources.


In-Text Citation and Reference Format with Example

In Harvard style, Tweets are cited and referenced according to the general format given below:

In-text citation: (Tweet writer’s surname Year Tweet was written on Twitter) OR

Tweet writer’s surname (Year)

Reference list entry: Tweet writer’s author surname Initial(s) Year, Title of the tweet in italics, Extra information such as: Type of medium, Publisher (if applicable), Place of publication (if applicable), URL [Accessed date].

For example:

In-text citation: Tony Abbott (2014) shared on Twitter…

Reference list entry: Abbott, T 2014, ‘A momentous, historic day’, TonyAbbottMHR, Twitter, 16 June, https://twitter.com/tonyabbottmhr [Accessed 23 September 2015].

Note: In case the tweet was written and published by a company, institution, or some other form of a group such as a television series’ official Twitter page, their name is used instead of the author’s surname.

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Frequently Asked Questions

For a tweet citation:

  • Author’s Twitter handle.
  • Date of the tweet.
  • Full tweet text.
  • “Tweet” in square brackets.
  • URL of the tweet. Example: @username. (Year, Month Day). “Tweet text.” [Tweet]. Retrieved from URL

About Alaxendra Bets

Avatar for Alaxendra BetsBets earned her degree in English Literature in 2014. Since then, she's been a dedicated editor and writer at ResearchProspect, passionate about assisting students in their learning journey.