Research is an investigation conducted to seek knowledge and find the solution to the scientific and social problems. It includes the collection of information from various sources. New research can contribute to existing knowledge.
The types of research can be categorized from the following perspectives;
|Categories of Research||Types of Research|
|Types of research according to the application perspective|
|Types of research according to the aims of the research|
|Types of research according to the mode of inquiry|
|Types of research according to the aims of the research approach|
Basic research is conducted to increase knowledge. It is also known as theoretical research, pure research, and fundamental research. It provides in-depth knowledge about the scientific and logical explanations and its conclusions.
The results of the basic research are used as the base of applied research. It is based on experiment and observation. The results of basic research are published in peer-reviewed journals.
Applied research is conducted to find solutions for practical problems. It uses the outcomes of basic research as its base. The results of applied research are applied immediately. It includes case studies, experimental research.
It includes co-relational and comparative methods of research. It follows the Ex post facto research, which predicts the possible reasons behind the situation that has already occurred.
A researcher cannot control its variables and can report only about the current situation that has occurred and what is occurring.
In analytical research, a researcher can use the existing data, facts, and knowledge and critically analyzes and evaluates the sources and material. It attempts to describe why a specific situation exists.
Explanatory research is conducted to know why and how two or more variables are interrelated. Researchers usually conduct experiments to know the effect of specific changes among two or more variables.
Exploratory research is conducted to understand the nature of the problem. It does not focus on finding evidence or conclusion of the problem. It studies the problem to explore the research in-depth and covers such topics which were not studied before.
Qualitative research is based on quality, and it looks in-depth at non-numerical data. It enables us to understand the comprehensive details of the problem. The researcher prepares open-ended questions to gather as much information as possible.
Quantitative research is associated with the aspects measurement, quantity, and extent. It follows the statistical, mathematical, and computational techniques in the form of numerical data such as percentages and statistics. The research is conducted on a large group of population.
Researchers collect the information at multiple points in time. Usually, a specific group of participants is selected and examined numerous times at various periods.
Cross-sectional research gathers and compares the information from various groups of the population at the same point. It may not provide the exact reason and relationship between the subjects but gives a broad picture to study multiple groups at the same time.
It is associated with the concept and theory that describes the hypothesis being studied. It is based on the inductive approach of reasoning. It does not follow practical experiments. Philosophers, thinkers, logicians, and theorists use such kind of research to discover new concepts and to understand the existing knowledge.
It is also known as experimental research, which depends on observation and experience. It is based on the deductive approach of reasoning. A researcher focuses on gathering information about the facts, its sources, and investigating the existing knowledge. Example: Is intermittent fasting the healthy weight loss option for women?
The researcher can come up with the result that a certain number of women lost their weight, and it improved their health. On the other hand, a certain number of women suffering from low blood pressure and diabetes didn’t lose weight, and they faced negative impacts of intermittent fasting on their health.
When you combine quantitative and qualitative methods of research, the resulting approach becomes mixed methods of research.
Over the last few decades, much of the research in the world of academia has been conducted using mixed methods. Due to its greater legitimacy, this particular technique has gained for several reasons, including the feeling that combining the two types of research can provide holistic and more dependable results.
Here is what mix methods of research involve.