Management and Organization in Global Environment
Paper Type: Report Assignment
Academic Subject: Management
Word Count: 1150
Submitted by: Student
Globalization is considered as the major indicator of growth in commerce and trade sector. The companies are maximizing their profits by going global and utilizing the benefits of globalization and application of scientific management that increases the company’s efficiency through maximization of production. This report is based on the two activities that are based on the e-learning from the video clips. The first activity is based on the Thomas Friedman’s world is flat concept that entails the 21st era of globalization and its associated risk. The second activity is based on the clip of Ford and Taylorism. This report includes the personal experiences based on the individual globalization approach and Ford and Taylorism management and its possible implication in today’s scenario.
The Ford and Taylor Scientific management approach revolutionized the car manufacturing industry. In past car were manufactured by hand and produced in a very limited quantity. Due to the decrease in production the prices were expensive and only the elite class of people can only buy the cars. Therefore, the Ford and Taylor has increased the efficiency of their worker by watching out the worker productivity with the stop watch and rearrange the procedure of their work in order to increase the productivity (Witzel and Warner, 2015, p. 55). Therefore Ford and Taylorism had introduced the idea of mass production and aligned the higher salary to the hard work. Nowadays, employees want autonomy and empowerment in their workplace settings. For instances; American, Australian or even European employees whose culture is more towards the individualism could not accept the Taylorism approach because they want freedom and auto9nomy in their work and extra restriction and watchfulness may leads towards the dissatisfaction among the employees.
The Ford and Taylorism can be used in the call centers because all the employees that are working in the call center either aims to increase the sales or make the maximum calls to reach the consumers. Therefore, all the employees are doing the monotonous or similar work. Therefore, it would be easier to apply the theory in such settings and compensate the employees based on their productivity and performance. However, the Ford and Taylorism approach is 100 years ago method of production however many management guru considered the scientific approach as outdated but the some parts are still being used in contemporary marketplace such as pay for performance is the key concept that are being originated from the Ford. I have experienced similar experience where the supervisor was extremely strict with the timings and continuously forcing the worker to increase their productivity. But I have observed that such strictness led to decrease the productivity and similar work has been reducing their level of interest among the employees.
However, nowadays companies are encouraging the team based work and employees want the challenging work place environment instead of doing similar work over the period of time. However, in the Ford and Taylor era employees tend to quit the job but company were making record breaking profits and raise their salaries which enhance their ability to get the maximum pool of employees. Presently, employee turnover is considered as the cost on organization and getting the right person for the right job is extremely difficult. Therefore, some aspect of the Ford and Taylorism can be implemented in today’s dynamic environment but entire approach can not be implemented.
Thomas Friedman conceptualizes the three main eras of globalization such as; first ear of globalization is considered as the 1.0 era that lasts from 1492 to early 1800 and that era is considered as the globalization of the countries where Britain is colonizing India etc. therefore dynamic agent of globalization was the country. The second era of globalization or 2.0 period’s dynamic agent of globalization was the companies and the third era’s globalization flattening the market place and make the world flat. The main dynamic agent of this era of globalizations is the individual (Portnoi, 2016, p. 1). The era of globalization empowers the individual to compete and collaborate with other individual.
The Thomas Friedman argues that the major drawback as well as risk of living in the flat world is that what is done can be done at any cost. For instance; if an individual has any idea if he did not execute the idea then someone else would execute it on him. Furthermore, if the Mark Zuckerberg did not execute Facebook then someone else would execute it. Therefore, this world is flat and if individual has any idea then they should timely implement this otherwise someone else will implement the idea (Guillotin and Mangematin, 2015, p. 343). I do agree with the Friedman’s iron rule of the flat world that whatever is meant to done I would be done at any cost. However, the 3.0 level of globalization is uniform across the world but the resources are limited that create obstacles on the way of execution of idea.
For the organization that I am working for is considered as the renowned retailer business and operating almost across the globe. The company has enhanced in my skills and provides me precious and valuable experiences. I experienced the individual era of globalization within the organization where the idea of one individual can dynamically change and impact the overall organization on the whole. The person who belongs to the upper tier of management has idea related to market development however due to the huge risk involved in the implementation of the idea. After a month similar idea was implemented by the competitor and gets maximum benefit from the idea. Therefore, the world is extremely flat if the idea is not executed by one person would ultimately implemented by someone else and get the maximum profit out of it.
Based on the Friedman’s world is flat approach, it can be concluded that 21st century is the era of 3.0 globalization in which if individual does not implement the idea than someone else would execute it. Therefore, there are numerous risks are associated with this era of globalization. It is required to every individual to implement their ideas on time and do not wait for longer because the world is flat and if the opportunity is forgone then someone else would have utilized it for their own benefit. In another activity it can be concluded that contemporary organizations could not apply the scientific management of Ford and Taylor because employees want certain autonomy to work and monotonous or similar work and stringent supervision may leads to increase in production but generate dissatisfaction among the employees. Furthermore there are certain aspects of the Ford and Taylorism are still in use in today’s dynamic organization such as pay for performance is one of the element the more employees work the more they get are still being used in various organizations.
- Guillotin, B. and Mangematin, V., 2015. Internationalization Strategies of Business Schools: How Flat Is the World?. Thunderbird International Business Review, 57(5), pp.343-357.
- Portnoi, L.M., 2016. Understanding Globalization. In Policy Borrowing and Reform in Education (pp. 1-24). Palgrave Macmillan US.
- Witzel, M. and Warner, M., 2015. Taylorism revisited: culture, management theory and paradigm-shift. Journal of General Management, 40(3), pp.55-70.